After a strong run in the residential real estate market over the past several years, more and more people have begun asking questions about commercial real estate and its viability as an investment product. The answer to this question is that commercial real estate has proven to be a strong, stable investment, especially when compared to the recent volatility in the stock market or the infinitesimal interest rate returns being paid out by banks.
BC, in particular, has seen a disproportionate number of fortunes being made in commercial real estate (http://www.vancouversun.com/
So what are the similarities and differences between residential and commercial real estate?
Residential and Commercial real estate share some commonalities and the licence to trade either asset category is the same. That being said, because there are several key differences, real estate agents typically focus on one category or the other. There are exceptions, of course, and in smaller markets, agents often need to sell all manner of real estate. Macdonald Realty's sister company, Macdonald Commercial (http://www.
- 1) Land
- 2) Office
- 3) Retail (Stores, Malls, Shopping Centres, etc.)
- 4) Industrial (Warehouses, Distribution Centres, Industrial Manufacturing, etc.)
- 5) Multifamily (Apartments)
- 6) Leisure (Hotels, Sport Facilities, etc.)
- 7) Healthcare (Medical Centres, Nursing Homes, etc.)
Pros of Buying Residential Real Estate:
- It's the only investment product that you can also live in.
- The Principal Residence Exemption (http://www.taxtips.ca/filing/
principalresidence.htm) is the single biggest tax loophole that the typical Canadian can take advantage of.
- The Realtor MLS system makes the residential market more liquid and transparent.
Because of this, buying a principal residence is one of the best investments you can make. That said, if you're considering buying real estate as a pure investment, you may also want to consider commercial.
Pros of Buying Commercial Real Estate:
- Most commercial tenancies (except multifamily) are triple net, meaning the tenant(s) is responsible for paying (1) property tax, (2) insurance, and (3) common area maintenance of the leased property IN ADDITION to their negotiated lease rate. In residential, the landlord is primarily responsible for these three items and must pay it out of the rent he collects.
- Commercial leases are generally considered to have been negotiated between two equal parties, meaning that both sides need to adhere to the stipulations of the lease. In residential, the Residential Tenancy Act is heavily tilted in favour of the tenant, meaning that it is much more difficult to get rid of bad tenants in residential real estate.
- The commercial real estate market is generally more stable than residential real estate market because it is more likely to be based on 5- to 10-year prevailing lease rates rather than psychology or speculation. Economists have been calling Vancouver's residential real estate market 'overvalued' for 30+ years now because it can seem disconnected from prevailing economic principles.
The reason that many people shy away from commercial real estate is one of familiarity. Everyone has had the experience of living in a residential property and therefore has at least a rudimentary knowledge of what it is. In commercial, there are so many different asset categories that even seasoned commercial agents tend to focus on a few of them. After all, a nursing home, a parking lot, and a hotel all require different management skill sets. Fortunately, professional property management companies, like Macdonald Commercial (http://www.macdonaldpm.com/), can help you manage a wide range of assets.
(Click chart to see larger image)